By Dr. Marciene Mattleman

PHILADELPHIA (CBS) – Robert D. Putnam, author of Bowling Alone, in his new book Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis, writes about the breakdown of civic values and the unraveling web of formal and informal supports that help students in poverty succeed academically and in life.

READ MORE: 14-Year-Old, Samir Jefferson, Shot Nearly 20 Times, Killed While Waiting For SEPTA Bus In North Philadelphia, Police Say

“If it takes a village to raise a child…villages rich and poor have shirked their collective responsibility for our kids” from frequencies in families eating together, spending money on kids for extra-curricular activities, and accessing informal mentors.

READ MORE: Philadelphia Firefighters Rescue 2 People From Fairmount House Fire

Those over 65 outnumber those under 18, tend to be wealthier and white, while the school age population has more poor minorities. Those from the wealthiest quarter were two or three times more likely to have had adult mentors and schools with 75% poverty or more in 2009-10 were offered fewer Advanced Placement courses.

Putnam suggests more parent involvement programs; community-school partnerships with health, social services and enrichment activities and access to advanced courses.

MORE NEWS: Crash Involving Tractor-Trailer, SUV On Route 130 North In Bordentown Leaves Man Dead, Police Say

Read more in Education Week.