Not everyone will get arthritis, but those who do will experience joint pain, swelling, stiffness, loss of motion and an impact on their activities of daily living. Orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Bradley Fink, says arthritis is a disease of the joints, cartilage and tissues surrounding the joints. There are different types arthritis, including metabolic/inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid and gout, non-inflammatory arthritis such as degenerative arthritis, post infectious arthritis and post traumatic arthritis.
Dr. Fink says many patients respond well to anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroid and hylauronic acid injections, bracing, and physical therapy. Patients can also try using a cane, crutch or walker to relieve pressure from the affected joint. If all else fails, surgery may be an option. He adds that there are many procedures available which can help. The procedure of choice depends on the type and location of the arthritis, physical demands of the patient and severity of the disease. Some surgical procedures used to treat arthritis include: athroscopy, joint fusion, joint replacement, debridement and arthroplasty.
Repetitive movements such as overhead activity and kneeling, marathon running, weight lifting, and lifting improperly can all damage joints and increase the risk of arthritis. He claims the best thing you can do for your body to remain arthritis and pain free as long as possible, is by keeping your weight under control, remain physically active and maintain your strength and flexibility, proper diet and low impact exercise play an important part in all areas of our health.